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Types of cancer

Cancers are different in children

There are more than twelve types, and many subtypes, of childhood cancers. The most common types of cancers diagnosed in children are leukaemia, brain and other central nervous system tumours, and lymphomas.

Childhood cancers require different approaches in treatment that are age-appropriate, different for each type of cancer and unique in composition.

Cancer in children is less common than in adults and differ in that they:

  • have different causes
  • occur in different parts of the body
  • are bio-chemically and structurally different
  • need different treatments

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